Rose, Marigold & Chrysanthemum Cultivation is Giving 2 Lakh a Month to Farmers; Know How?
Population of Dahod District in East Gujarat was hired as workers in cities or casual labourers but now they cultivate rose and marigold flowers.It has not only improved their incomes ten times, but also helped them afford their children's education.
The Scheduled Tribes (ST) population of Dahod District in East Gujarat was hired as workers in cities or casual labourers but now they cultivate flowers such as rose and marigold.
The main reason behind it is the Floriculture initiative by the government of this state. It has not only improved the lives of village migrants by increasing their incomes ten times, but has also helped the workers afford their children's education.
According to media reports, floriculture or flower cultivation has sky rocketed their monthly revenue by up to ten times.
A farmer from Dahod district, Gesuben Parmar said, “My present monthly income is Rs 1 to 1.5 lakh, which is more than ten times what I used to get in city and I employ two labourers.”
Parmar who has been doing rose cultivation for around 7 years now and he harvests 20,000 to 30,000 pieces of rose per month. He mentioned, “In normal times, it fetches around between 20 paisa per rose if I sell it to wholesale flower vendors & Rs 10 to passerby customers on the road. However, in festival time like Diwali, Navratri and Ganesh Puja, the prices can go up to Rs 20 to 40.”
Adding to it, the disposable income from roses & marigold farming has also helped these farmers to send their kids to schools.
According to a 56-year-old woman from Pateliya adivasi community, “My husband & I could not study, nor could our son as we were always on the move from one place to another. But now, my grandchildren go to school.” Before, the woman and her husband were migrant workers but now they are having their own farm.
A small village in Dahod Limkheda taluka called as Kamboi too has noticed one-third of its population switching to floriculture. From the total 300 households in Kamboi village, over 100 tribal entrepreneur-farmers have switched from dryland crop agriculture to marigold, rose and chrysanthemum cultivation.
Floriculture in Gujarat:
Gujarat Government had encouraged the floriculture workers by giving them Rs 30,000 subsidy from the horticulture department. This subsidy covers the initial investment on field preparation, seedlings and planting. Many farmers were given formal training by officials of the Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA).
N.V. Rathwa, Deputy Director of ATMA at Dahod said, “Floriculture, unlike maize and other crops, needs less water and also yields round the year, which helps farmers to earn higher incomes.”