Jackfruit Cultivation: Know the Right Soil, Climate, Irrigation & Pest Control Method 

Jackfruit is a high-growth,spreading and densely populated tree which is indigenous to India.Its fruits are up to about 35 kg in size & about 100 to 200 fruits are produced in a tree.

Jackfruit Cultivation: Know the Right Soil, Climate, Irrigation & Pest Control Method 

Jackfruit is a delicious fruit tree. It is a multicolored tree with 8 cm tall compacted dark green leaves. From the profit point of view, this tree is very important for the farmer brothers. Its fruits are up to about 35 kg in size & about 100 to 200 fruits are produced in a tree. In addition to ripe fruits, it is in the form of pickles and vegetables. Assam has the best place in jackfruit cultivation. 

Soil and Climate 

•    Jackfruit can be cultivated in any soil but loam soil is suitable for jackfruit gardening. 

•    You should look that there is no water logging in the field because jackfruit cannot bear much water.

•    Its gardening is successfully done in both dry and temperate climates. 

•    Gardening is done on the hills and plateaus.

Improved varieties of jackfruit - 

Some of the good varieties of jackfruit are juicy, Khajwa, Singapore, Pink, Rudrakshi. 

How we can plant jackfruit?

•    Remove the seeds from the cooked jackfruit and prepare the plant first. 

•    Now dry these seeds in a shady place.

•    Sow the seeds in the season in which you extract your seeds because the moisture and oil in the middle start to end after one month.

•    Fresh seed germinates from 70 to 75%.

•    There is no need for seed treatment.

•    Now to sow the seed, dig up to 30 cm in the soil.

•    Now put about 10 kg of cow dung in this pit with soil and put neem cake fertilizer and prepare the mixture.

•    Now sow the seeds in this mixture.

•    The rainy season is considered to be the right time for planting the plant.

•    Place a distance of about 40 feet between the plants in planting methods while planting or planting seeds.

•    Water the plant only once a week.

•    In all these pits, 20 to 25 kg of cow dung sari compost or compost, 250 grams of single super phosphate, 500 muriate of potash, 1 kg of neem cake and 10 grams of thymate should be filled properly in the soil.

•    After 10 years of the plant, add 80 to 100 kg of cow dung, 1 kg urea, 2 kg superphosphate, one kg potash every year.

•    The appropriate time to plant jackfruit plants is from July to September.

When to irrigate jackfruit? 

•    In the initial phase, Irrigation should be done every week in the summer season and at an interval of 15 days in the winter season for the first few years.

•     If the plant has grown, then it should be irrigated every 15 days during the summer days and once in the winter season.

•    In the month of November - December, jackfruit plants flower, so do not irrigate in these two months.

Disease and Pest control-

•    This plant requires minimal care and usually does not get many diseases. 

•    Yet some of the diseases are seen like stem borer, pink spot, and fruit rot.

•    You can spray 0.3 solutions of Aoxychloride or blue copper.

Yield 

•    The fruit is reduced initially and falls after planting, but after 10 to 12 years, 100 - 250 are obtained per tree.