How to Grow Lady Finger at Home?

Scientific cultivation of ladyfinger is a little more difficult in vegetable cultivation, but by this method, you can easily grow at your home.

How to Grow Lady Finger at Home?

Lady finger is a popular vegetable. Protein, carbohydrates, mineral salts such as calcium, phosphorus, vitamin-A, B, C, Thiamin, riboflavin, and Iodine are found mainly in ladyfinger. It is beneficial for constipation patients. If it is cultivated by using the scientific method, then the product can be of high quality.

Preparation of land

•    For ladyfinger, a hot and moist environment is considered best.

•    The temperature should be between 27 to 30 degrees centigrade.

•    If the temperature is less than 17-degree centigrade then seeds will not germinate.

•    It is grown in both summer and Kharif seasons.

•    It can be grown in all types of lands that have good drainage. 

•    The pH value of the land should be between 7.0 to 7.8

•    The land should be plowed two to three times

Advanced Variety

•    Some of the major advanced varieties are such as Hisar Upgraded, VRO-6, Pusa A-4, Parbhani Kranti, Punjab-7, Arka Anamika, Varsha Gifts, Arka Abhay, Hisar Naveen, HBH and Punjab-8, etc.

Seed quantity

•    Irrigated condition - 2.5 to 3 kg of seed.

•    In unirrigated condition - 5 to 7 kg per hectare. 

•    For hybrid varieties - Seed of 5 kg per hectare is sufficient.

•    Seeds are sown directly in the field.

Method of sowing

For rainfed ladyfingers:-

•     The distance from the queue to the queue should be 40 to 45 centimeters 

•     The distance from the plant to plant in the queue should be 25 to 30 centimeters

For Summer ladyfingers:-

•    The distance from the queue to the queue should be 25 to 30 centimeters 

•    The distance from the plant to the plant in the queue should be 15 to 20 centimeters. 

•    The seed should be sown 2 to 3 centimeters deep. 

•    The seeds should be treated with 3 grams of mancozeb carbendazim per kg before sowing. 

Sowing time

•    Summer ladyfinger - February to March 

•    Rainfed ladyfinger - June to July. 

Manures and Fertilizers

•    15 to 20 tons of cow dung manure per hectare area.

•    80 kg, 60 kg and 60 kg per hectare of nitrogen, spur, and potash respectively should be given in the soil. 

•    40kg of nitrogen should be given in the soil before sowing and the whole quantity of Sphur and Potash.

•     Remaining 40kg of nitrogen should be given in two parts at an interval of 30 to 40 days.

Irrigation management

•    In March - 10 to 12 days

•    In April - 7 to 8 days 

•    In May to June - 4 to 5 days 

•    If it is rainy season - then irrigation is not required

Plowing

•    Plowing should be started in 45 to 60 days 

•    Regular plowing should be done at an interval of 4 to 5 days

Yield

•    130 to 150 quintals per hectare are obtained by using proper care, proper variety, fertilizers, and fertilizers.